Sedums, also known as stonecrop, are a group of easy-care perennial plants that are beloved by gardeners for their drought tolerance, attractive foliage, and showy flowers. These plants are native to many parts of the world, including Europe, Asia, and North America, and they come in a wide range of shapes, sizes, and colours.
Sedums are ideal for gardeners who want low-maintenance plants that can thrive in challenging conditions. Most sedums prefer well-draining soil and full sun, but they can also tolerate partial shade and poor soil. In fact, some species, such as Sedum acre, can grow in rocky or sandy soil and are often used as ground covers in rock gardens or on green roofs. Sedums are also popular among pollinators, such as bees and butterflies, as they produce nectar-rich flowers that bloom from midsummer to fall.
Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or a beginner, sedums are a great choice for adding colour and texture to your garden. In this article, we’ll cover all the basics of growing and caring for sedums, including planting tips, watering requirements, and common pests and diseases to watch out for. So, if you’re ready to learn more about these versatile plants, keep reading!
Sedums, also commonly known as stonecrop, are a type of succulent plant that belongs to the Crassulaceae family. There are over 400 species of sedum, with varying types and varieties. These easy-care perennial plants are popular among gardeners due to their low maintenance and beautiful appearance.
Sedums are known for their fleshy leaves and star-shaped flowers that bloom from midsummer to fall. They are also drought-tolerant and can thrive in almost any type of soil as long as it is well-draining.
There are two main types of sedums: creeping and upright. Creeping sedums, also known as showy stonecrop, are great as groundcovers in rock gardens and growing through cracks in walls. Upright sedums, on the other hand, have a more vertical growth habit and are perfect for adding height to a garden bed or border.
Some popular sedum varieties include Autumn Joy, Dragon’s Blood, and Angelina. Autumn Joy is a type of upright sedum that has pinkish-red flowers that turn a coppery-red in the fall. Dragon’s Blood, another upright sedum, has red foliage that turns a deep burgundy in the fall. Angelina, a creeping sedum, has yellow-green foliage that turns a bronze colour in the fall.
Overall, sedums are a great addition to any garden due to their low maintenance and beautiful appearance. With their variety of types and colours, there is a sedum for every garden style and preference.
Cultivation and Care
Sedums are easy-care perennial plants that are ideal for both containers and gardens. They require minimal maintenance, making them an excellent choice for beginners.
Planting and Propagation
Sedums prefer full sun or partial shade and well-drained soil, but they can tolerate poor soil and direct sunlight. They are drought-tolerant and do not require frequent watering. Plant sedums in the spring or fall, and space them 6-12 inches apart.
Sedums can be propagated by division, stem cuttings, or seed. Division is the easiest method and should be done in the spring or fall. Stem cuttings can be taken in the spring or summer, and seeds can be sown in the spring.
Watering and Fertilising
Sedums do not require frequent watering and can tolerate dry conditions. Water them deeply once a week during the growing season, and reduce watering in the winter. Sedums do not require fertiliser, but you can apply a balanced fertiliser in the spring if you want to encourage growth.
Pruning and Repotting
Sedums do not require pruning, but you can remove dead or damaged stems to improve their appearance. Sedums do not require repotting often, but you can repot them in the spring if they have outgrown their container or if the soil is depleted. Use a well-draining potting mix, such as a mix of sand and compost.
Overall, sedums are easy-care plants that can thrive in a variety of conditions. They are perfect for gardeners who want to add low-maintenance plants to their garden or collection.
Appearance and Varieties
Sedums are a popular choice for gardeners due to their easy-care nature and beautiful appearance. With a wide range of colours, foliage, and sizes, there is a sedum variety for every garden.
Colour and Foliage
Sedums come in a variety of colours, including red, yellow, pink, and white. Their foliage can be equally diverse, with leaves ranging from blue-green to purple to variegated. Some sedums, such as Sedum ‘Angelina’, even have evergreen foliage that can provide colour and interest throughout the year.
In the fall, many sedums produce stunning blooms that add a pop of colour to the garden. Sedum spectabile, for example, produces large clusters of pink flowers, while Sedum ‘Autumn Joy’ produces rosy-pink blooms that mature to a deep copper colour.
Size and Growth
Sedums come in a variety of sizes, from low-growing groundcovers to tall, upright plants. Creeping sedums, such as Sedum acre and Sedum rupestre, are ideal for ground cover, rock gardens, or tucked into containers. Taller varieties, such as Sedum ‘Matrona’ and Sedum telephium, can reach heights of up to 60cm and are ideal for adding height and structure to the garden.
Sedums are also easy to care for, as they are drought-tolerant and require minimal maintenance. They thrive in well-drained soil and full sun, although some varieties can tolerate partial shade. Deadheading spent blooms can encourage further flowering and prevent the plant from becoming too leggy.
In conclusion, sedums are a versatile and easy-care perennial plant that can add colour and interest to any garden. With a wide range of varieties to choose from, gardeners can find the perfect sedum to suit their needs and preferences.
Sedums in the Landscape
Sedums are versatile plants that can be used in a variety of landscape settings. Their low-maintenance nature and ability to thrive in various conditions make them an excellent choice for gardeners of all levels.
Rock Gardens and Ground Covers
Sedums are ideal for rock gardens and ground covers. Their ability to grow in shallow soil and withstand drought make them perfect for these settings. They come in a range of colours and textures, from blue-grey to green to pink, which can add interest to any rock garden or ground cover.
When planting sedums in a rock garden or as a ground cover, it is important to choose the right type of sedum. Creeping sedums, such as Sedum acre and Sedum spurium, are perfect for these settings as they spread quickly and form a dense mat of foliage.
Mass Planting and Edging
Sedums can also be used for mass planting and edging. Their ability to grow in tight spaces and their low-growing habit make them perfect for these settings. They can be used to create a border around a garden bed or to fill in gaps between larger plants.
When planting sedums for mass planting or edging, it is important to choose a variety that will grow to the desired height. Some sedums, such as Sedum spectabile, can grow up to 60cm tall, while others, such as Sedum kamtschaticum, only grow to around 10cm tall.
Overall, sedums are a great choice for any landscape setting. Whether you are looking for a ground cover, a rock garden plant or a border plant, sedums are sure to add interest and colour to your garden.
Sedums and Wildlife
Sedums are not only easy to care for and beautiful, but they are also great for attracting wildlife to your garden. Their nectar-rich flowers are a favourite of pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects.
Butterflies, in particular, are drawn to the flat, flowerheads of sedums, which provide a perfect landing pad for them to rest and feed. Some of the sedum varieties that are especially attractive to butterflies include Autumn Joy and Vera Jameson.
Bees are also big fans of sedums, and they are important pollinators for many plants, including sedums. The star-shaped flowers of sedums provide an excellent source of nectar for bees, and they will visit them frequently throughout the blooming season.
In addition to bees and butterflies, other pollinators such as hoverflies and beetles will also visit sedums. These insects are important for maintaining a healthy ecosystem in your garden, and sedums are an excellent way to attract them.
Overall, sedums are an excellent choice for gardeners who want to attract wildlife to their gardens. With their beautiful flowers and easy-care nature, sedums are a must-have for any garden that wants to support pollinators and other beneficial insects.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the benefits of growing sedum as a perennial plant?
Sedum is an excellent choice for gardeners looking for a low-maintenance, drought-tolerant plant that can thrive in a variety of conditions. As a perennial plant, sedum will come back year after year, saving you time and money on replanting. Sedum also attracts pollinators like bees and butterflies to your garden, making it a great choice for eco-conscious gardeners.
What are some popular upright sedum varieties?
Upright sedums are a great way to add height and visual interest to your garden. Some popular varieties include:
- Autumn Joy: A classic sedum with pink flowers that bloom in late summer and fall.
- Matrona: A tall sedum with pink flowers and blue-green leaves.
- Purple Emperor: A dark-leaved sedum with deep pink flowers.
How do you care for sedum in the fall?
In the fall, it’s important to cut back any dead or damaged foliage on your sedum plants. This will help prevent diseases from spreading and keep your plants healthy. You can also divide your sedum plants in the fall if they have become too crowded.
What are some creative sedum garden ideas?
Sedum is a versatile plant that can be used in a variety of garden designs. Some creative ideas include:
- Planting sedum in a rock garden or on a hillside to create a natural-looking landscape.
- Using sedum as a groundcover to fill in gaps between larger plants.
- Planting sedum in a container garden for a low-maintenance, drought-tolerant display.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of planting sedum?
Advantages of planting sedum include its low-maintenance nature, drought tolerance, and attractiveness to pollinators. Disadvantages may include its tendency to spread quickly and become invasive in some areas.
What does sedum look like during the winter months?
During the winter months, sedum will typically die back to the ground and go dormant. However, some varieties may retain their foliage and turn a reddish or bronze color, adding interest to your winter landscape.