Coir, a versatile natural fibre, is derived from the husk of coconuts. It boasts a range of applications, from domestic to agricultural, due to its durable nature. As a coarse and stiff fibre, coir is predominantly utilised in the production of floor mats, doormats, brushes, and mattresses. The buoyancy of coir makes it particularly valuable in marine settings, where it is employed in the manufacture of ropes, cordage, and fishing nets.
The extraction of coir involves processing the fibrous husk of the coconut, a byproduct of the coconut food industry. Composed mainly of lignin and cellulose, the fibre’s natural resilience contributes to its rot-resistant and water-proof characteristics. These properties make coir an eco-friendly alternative to synthetic materials, and it has also gained popularity as a peat substitute in horticulture, notably in potting soil mixes and as a growing medium for hydroponics.
Coir’s sustainable and environmentally friendly profile is enhanced by its organic nature and the minimal processing required to transform it into various products. The material has also been recognised for its sterility, making it a hygienic choice for gardening and horticultural applications.